Facts about Brain Injuries
How big is the problem?
Below are some of the staggering statistics that drive One Mind to address treatments and cures for brain injuries and disease.
Traumatic brain injury (TBI)
About 2.5 million people each year sustain a TBI in the U.S.1
In 2010, TBI contributed to:
More than 50,000 deaths
2.5 million emergency departments visits1
Every day, 138 people in the United States die from injuries that include TBI. 1
The rate of emergency department visits for sports and recreation-related injuries with a diagnosis of concussion or TBI, alone or in combination with other injuries, rose 62% among children (age 19 or younger)2
9.94% of TBI emergency department visits are made up of sports and recreation-related concussions or TBI's among children (age 19 or younger)2
An estimated 70% of adults in the United States have experienced a traumatic event at least once in their lives.3
5.3 million Americans live with a TBI-related disability12
Post-traumatic stress (PTS)
PTS affects about 7.7 million American adults, age 18 or older, annually.4
70% of adults in the U.S. have experienced some type of traumatic event at least once in their lives. Up to 20% of these people go on to develop PTS.5
Almost 50% of all outpatient mental health patients have PTS.5
An estimated 1 out of 10 women develop PTS and women are about twice as likely as men to develop PTS.5
An estimated 8% of Americans — 24.4 million — will experience PTS at some point in their lives.6
Among people who were victims of specific traumatic experiences (rape, child abuse, violent assaults, etc.), the rate of PTS is 60-80 percent.7
PTS occurs in 11-20% of Veterans of the Iraq and Afghanistan wars.13
Approximately 61.5 million Americans experience a mental illness in a given year.8
1 in 17 Americans live with a serious mental illness (major depression, schizophrenia or bipolar disorder).8
Suicide is the tenth leading cause of death in the U.S. More than 90% of those who die by suicide had one or more mental disorders.8
The economic cost of untreated mental illness is more than $100 billion each year in the U.S.9
Globally, 3 of the 6 leading disabilities are due to mental illness (major depressive disorder, schizophrenia, bipolar disorder).10
The global cost of mental illness is at nearly $2.5 trillion (two-thirds in indirect costs) in 2010, with a projected increase to over $6 trillion by 2030.11
Time to make a change
Learn about the programs One Mind has created to help reduce these numbers and find treatments and therapies for brain diseases and injuries. Or join us in helping promote brain health. Contribute today.
1 “Injury Prevention & Control: Traumatic Brain Injury.” Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. Web. http://www.cdc.gov/TraumaticBrainInjury/get_the_facts.html
2 Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. (2011). Nonfatal traumatic brain injuries related to sports and recreation activities among persons aged ≤ 19 years — United States, 2001–2009. Morbidity and Mortality Weekly Report, 60, 1337–1342.
3 “What is PTSD.” PTS Alliance. Web. http://www.ptsdalliance.org/about_what.html
4 “Anxiety Disorders.” National Institute of Mental Health. Web. http://www.nimh.nih.gov/health/publications/anxiety-disorders/index.shtml
5 Mills et. al. JAMA August 15 2012 Vol 308. NAADAC. Web. http://naadac.org/assets/1959/gupta_establishing_safety_v2.pdf. Page 6.
6 Kessler, R. C., Sonnega, A., Bromet, E., Hughes, M., & Nelson, C. B., (1995). Post-traumatic Stress Disorder in the National Comorbidity Survey. Archives of General Psychiatry, Vol. 52, pp. 1048-1060.
7 “What is Post-Traumatic Stress Disorder.” Sidran Institute. Web. http://www.sidran.org/resources/for-survivors-and-loved-ones/what-is-post-traumatic-stress-disorder-ptsd/
8 “Mental Illness Fact Sheet.” National Alliance on Mental Illness. Web. http://www.nami.org/factsheets/mentalillness_factsheet.pdf
9 “Mental Illness Facts.” National Alliance on Mental Illness. Web. http://www.nami.org/gtsTemplate.cfm?Section=Newsroom&Template=/ContentManagement/ContentDisplay.cfm&ContentID=31161
10 “Global Individual Mental and Behavioral Disorders.” National Institute of Mental Health. Web. http://www.nimh.nih.gov/Statistics/global_individual_disorders_DALYs.shtml//www.nami.org/gtsTemplate.cfm?Section=Newsroom&Template=/ContentManagement/ContentDisplay.cfm&ContentID=31161
11 Bloom DE, Cafiero ET, Jané-Llopis E, Abrahams-Gessel S, Bloom LR, Fathima S, Feigl AB, Gaziano T, Mowafi M, Pandya A, Prettner K, Rosenberg L, Seligman B, Stein A, Weinstein, C. (2011). The Global Economic Burden of Non-communicable Diseases. Geneva: World Economic Forum.
12 “Injury Prevention & Control: Traumatic Brain Injury.” Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. Web. http://www.cdc.gov/traumaticbraininjury/severe.html
13 “PTSD: National Center for PTSD.” U.S. Dept. of Veterans Affairs. Web. http://www.ptsd.va.gov/public/PTSD-overview/basics/how-common-is-ptsd.asp